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Personal, Social and Health Education (PSHE) helps to give children the knowledge, skills and understanding they need to lead confident, healthy and independent lives. It aims to help them understand how they are developing personally and socially, tackling many of the moral, social and cultural issues that are part of growing up. The kinds of questions that might come up in PSHE include: What acts indicate kindness? Why do we have to eat vegetables? Why do large items sometimes cost less than smaller ones?


PSHE at Caedmon


PHSE is a non-statutory subject, although at Caedmon Community Primary School it continues to be taught throughout the curriculum and reflects the varying needs of our children and the context of the school.


It is in PSHE that your child will learn about bullying, citizenship, drug education, healthy eating, physical activity, mental and emotional health, wellbeing, and sex and relationships.

Learning opportunities take place in specific lessons as well as in assemblies, collective worship, circle time, special school projects and other activities that enrich pupils' experiences.


Our Approach


Caedmon Community Primary School continues to offer a curriculum which is balanced, broadly based and which:


  • promotes the spiritual, moral, cultural, mental and physical development of pupils at the school and of society.
  • prepares pupils at the school for the opportunities, responsibilities and experiences of later life.


During lessons, pupils will be taught three core themes, relating to:


  1. Health and Wellbeing
  2. Relationships
  3. Living in the Wider World


Within each of these areas there will be broad overlap and flexibility. The overarching aim for PSHE education is to provide pupils with:


  • accurate and relevant knowledge.
  • opportunities to turn that knowledge into personal understanding.
  • opportunities to explore, clarify and if necessary challenge, their own and others’ values, 
attitudes, beliefs, rights and responsibilities.
  • the skills, language and strategies they need in order to live healthy, safe, fulfilling, responsible and balanced lives.


Here are some examples of the areas that may be covered in PSHE:


Money plays a large role in our lives and in the way we relate to each other.


Sex and Relationships

Sex education has now become sex and relationships education (SRE), signalling the growing consensus that children are entitled to more than just the biological facts.


Personal Health
Children learn that regular physical activity and a healthy diet can go a long way to ensuring they stay healthy.


Personal Wellbeing
Children will talk about common pressures, issues such as friendship and belonging and other things that can contribute to mental wellbeing.


Social Issues
Bereavement, voting, taking care of the environment and being a young carer are the kinds of social issues that will be covered. One popular topic is bullying, perhaps because it directly affects children at school, and it's crucial that they know where to seek help if needed.


Drug Awareness
These lessons help pupils to understand more about drugs and also clarify any misconceptions they may have.


British Values


There is some crossover with British Values in the exploration of a number of issues within PSHE, especially those concerning how we work with others within our society. We do not separate these into individual subjects but rather try to tie in aspects of PSHE and British Values into all areas of our curriculum.


Home Support


  • For younger children, encourage them to dress and undress independently and manage their own hygiene.
  • Provide a role play area resourced with materials reflecting your child's interests.
  • Encourage your child to help you think about cooking and healthy recipes. Take them shopping and involve them in decision making.
  • Simple activities such as board games encourage team-work and help children learn to take turns.
  • With older children, use documentaries and other media to discuss issues around our place and responsibilities in society.
  • Give plenty of positive encouragement and praise.


Assessment of PHSE


At Caedmon Community Primary it is our intention that all children will at least reach their age related expectations as described in the end of Key Stage Statements outlined in the Archived National Curriculum. However through a curriculum that is challenging and relevant to the children we expect children to achieve greater than age related expectations.


Children who are not meeting age related expectations, or who are struggling with specific areas of PSHE,will be supported by staff through differentiated tasks and targeted small group work or interventions such as ECAT, Nurture group or similar. The direct use of key questions and targeted support will be offered to ensure that any gaps between groups of children are closed.


Subject Leader: Mrs Clennell